Doily with Teneriffe Border
By Mary E. Link
It is a very easy matter to finish a doily or centerpiece with a border of Teneriffe lace, other than the wheels so commonly used. The method herewith described is original with the writer, and the result is most satisfactory.
Prepare the device for making the lace as for a small wheel – taking, for example, the ordinary cardboard foundation. This should correspond in size to the circumference of the doily you wish to make, with a little to spare. Make the row of dots or perforations around the outer edge, and the second row just within, and “string” these with the bars of thread for holding the foundation- or cross-threads. There must be exactly the same number of these bars as of pair-threads for weaving on, and this depends on the pattern, the size of doily, etc. Complete, the model is nine and one-half inches in diameter and has a three-inch linen center. These proportions may be varied as desired, the border shown being very pretty for a large centerpiece, embroidered or plain; indeed, a luncheon-set may be made with border to match for all the sizes, using the same pattern of different widths.
Having prepared the pasteboard foundation of proper size, and put in the thread-bars, make the linen center, turning a narrow hem and buttonholing the edge closely all around. The number of buttonhole-stitches should be the same as that of the thread-bars. Fasten the circle of linen in the exact center of the pasteboard; and, starting with the last buttonhole-stitch, carry the thread out, under a thread-bar, back to center, under the next buttonhole-stitch, out to edge and under next thread-bar, and so continue until all have been worked under, bringing the last thread back to center, where it is securely fastened.
Pass out about one fourth inch and knot four threads (two pairs) together all around, allowing about one eighth inch of thread between knots, or enough to keep the circle flat and smooth. Now weave back and forth over eight threads ten times, or about three-eighths inch, pass back to center (or to the knotting-thread), weave over next eight threads in same way, pass back and weave next eight threads. After the third section is woven do not return to the center, but drop the four outer threads (the last four of last section), weave over remaining four and half the threads of middle section as before, then weave over remaining four threads of middle section and half of next section, leaving the four outer threads. Leave four threads of last section worked; and over the remaining four, and four of the next section, weave a single section above the last two, dropping the outer four threads each side. This completes the pyramid. Pass back to the knotting-thread and along it to the next eight threads and repeat. In all there are thirteen of the pyramids. After completing the last, do not return to center, but pass out about one fourth inch, knotting the third, fourth, fifth and sixth threads of the single section together; knot next four threads together, and repeat around. Weave around twice, then proceed with the outer part of the pattern as follows: Weave back and forth over eight threads seven times, or about one fourth inch, drop four threads at the right take on next four, and again weave as directed. Repeat until you have woven four blocks diagonally, then drop the last four threads of fourth block, and weave a block on the remaining four and the four dropped from preceding block, again drop four threads and wave another block. This completes a group or section of blocks. Continue working in this way, weaving the blocks over eight threads, dropping four and taking on four, until the circle is finished, then knot each pair of threads, all around, pass out one fourth inch, knot two threads, taking a thread from each of two previous knots in order to divide the pairs, again pass out and knot as before. Then press the doily, placing a thin cloth over it, to stretch the threads and prevent them drawing up, and release the work by clipping the thread-bars at the back.
As will be noted, the pattern may be varied in accordance with the taste and skill of the worker, and there is scarcely a limit to the pretty effects that are possible.
Doily or Cushion-Cover in Teneriffe Lace
By Grace Lett
Two sizes of wheels are used in making this dainty square, that in each corner being three inches in diameter, while the border wheels are one and one-fourth inches.
The various methods of making these wheels, or the foundations for making them on, have been clearly described. Probably the homemade device in most common use is the circle on pasteboard, with two rows of dots at the outer edge, back and forth through which are sewed the little bars of thread for taking the foundation-threads of the wheel under. The circle should be about one fourth inch larger than the finished wheel. Space it off with dots at even distances, and one fourth inside this make another circle containing the same number of dots, a trifle nearer together. After perforating the dots with a tiny bradawl or similar implement, take a length of strong thread, bring your needle up through a perforation in the outer circle, put it down through the corresponding perforation in the inner circle, and continue until you have thus used all. This is the foundation, which is the same for small or large wheels, differing only in the number of perforations.
Using the thread of which the wheel is to be made, bring your needle up through the center of the pasteboard, leaving a short length hanging, pass to the edge of circle, under a bar, across center of pasteboard to the bar exactly opposite, under that, back across the pasteboard, crossing the first thread, under the bar next to first, and so on until you have worked under every bar. Take care that the working-threads are not twisted, After working under last bar, carry the needle to center, pass the needle under all the threads and make a tight buttonhole-knot, then another knot at right angles to this, to hold them smoothly and securely, and weave around two or three times, alternating the threads. Then proceed with the pattern.
The large wheel has 64 pair-threads – or the same number of perforations in the pasteboard foundation. After reaching the last row of weaving at the center, weave over 16 threads, dividing 1st and 8th pairs, for 3/8 of an inch, or according to the size of your wheel; drop a thread each side, weave across two or three times, again drop a thread each side, and repeat until you have decreased to 2 threads; pass back to center, weave the next point in like manner, and repeat until all are completed. After the last do not return to center but pass out about 3/8 of an inch and knot each thread around, forming a tiny scallop over each point; again pass out about 3/8 of an inch and knot each pair of threads straight around. Lay a cloth over the wheel and press with a moderately hot iron, snip the thread bars which hold the work to the foundation, remove the wheel, thread the end left hanging and fasten neatly at center on wrong side. The small or border wheels have each 32 pairs of threads. After knotting and weaving around center, pass out 5-16 of an inch, knot each pair around, pass out 3-16 of an inch, knot each pair again, taking a thread from each previous knotting to divide them. Then press and release the wheel as directed.
Arrange the border as shown, a large wheel in each corner of the net with small wheels surrounding, and whip them together at the edge, neatly, joining them also to the net or lawn used for the center. The superfluous fabric is then cut away, and a narrow felling made to finish the raw edge.
The square may be made as large as desired, adding to the number of small wheels between corners, and is beautiful on a polished table. A bureau-set, consisting of two square mats, one oblong piece for comb-and-brush tray, and a cushion-cover, is very attractive. The same trimming may be used for a square collar, a bertha, and for many other articles which will readily occur to one.